Re-read the problem as if you were editing it: analyze givens, make unstated assumptions explicit, clarify goals.
A restatement of problem--its givens, assumptions, and goals--in your own words.
Draw a figure and label givens, close your eyes to form a mental picture and then imagine what the experiment would look like if you set up the equipment.
A figure, diagram, model which should help you see relationships between givens and unknowns.
Recall or use the text or notes to find a similar problem, method, result, useful theorem technique.
A model to follow in solving your problem.
Break problem into simpler problems; do only part of the problem.
Partial solutions leading towards goal.
Introduce variables for unknown; write equations, relations.
Symbolic representation of the problem.
Think of every formula or definition related to the concept or terms.
A list of formulas, conversion factors, or definitions to be used.
Assume you are going to ask the instructor for help: what would you ask? Identify what you need to know to solve the problem.
A list of questions whose answers lead to a solution.
Compare units in answer you want to compute with units in given information; look for conversion factors involving these units.
A series of relationships involving units which can be multiplied or divided to get desired goal.
Identify concept behind problem, type of problem, section of book from which taken.
Once you know the concept behind the problem you can use brainstorming, analogy, or other tactics.
Work with a classmate or
Discussion of ideas which can lead to broader understanding.
Hit-miss attempts; try special cases.
Corrective feedback, better understanding of problem; may lead to induction.
Try cases, searching for a pattern.
Generalizations and insights about problems.
Begin with answer if given, or approximate an answer, try to figure out how it was obtained.
The process for solving the problem.
Check and verify your work; is solution reasonable?
Verification of solution.
If making no progress after 30 minutes, stop working on problem, sleep on it, or leave it for a few hours.
An opportunity for insights and ideas to develop.
GO FOR HELP
Ask for hints or explanations.
Obtaining necessary insights and strategies.